Stories have arcs. Characters have arcs. Writers have arcs. We write, we get better at our craft. We read, we get better at our craft. We interact with other writers, we get better at our craft. The Arc of a Writer is a blog about writing. Visit regularly for thoughts, ideas, and information about writing. Whether you are a professional writer or just starting out. Hobby or career. We are all in this together. Welcome.

Contact: Elena Hartwell - elenahartwell@gmail.com http://www.elenahartwell.com

Writers Should... Write every day...

Use prompts to get yourself writing. Don't edit. Give yourself a set amount of time. 5-15 minutes is fine! Write from your own voice or write from a character. Learn something new about what you are currently working on. Use it in your work or just get yourself writing.

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Spotlight on Nicole J. and Terry Persun

October sees Part III and IV of my extended spotlight, highlighting two exceptional writers, Terry Persun and his daughter Nicole. I had the pleasure of meeting them both at the Pacific Northwest Writers Association Conference in July, when I attended one of Terry's workshops. Both excellent writers and teachers, I'm pleased to include them together for this interview. Check back each week through October for the next installment.

Nicole J. Persun started her professional writing career at the age of sixteen with her young adult novel, A Kingdom’s Possession, which later became an Amazon Bestseller. Her second novel, Dead of Knight, was recently awarded Gold in Foreword Magazine’s 2013 Indiefab Book of the Year Award competition, and has also seen Amazon’s Bestseller rankings. 

Aside from novels, Nicole has had short stories, flash fiction, poetry, and essays published in a handful of literary journals. She often speaks at libraries, writer’s groups, and writer’s conferences across the country. Nicole has a degree in Creative Writing from Goddard College. For more information, visit Nicole’s website at www.nicolejpersun.com or visit her publisher’s website at www.booktrope.com.

  Nicole J Persun         
Terry Persun     

Terry Persun holds a Bachelor’s of Science as well as an MA in Creative Writing. He has worked as an engineer, has been the Editor-in-Chief of several technology journals, and is now marketing consultant for technical and manufacturing companies. Over a dozen of his novels, four of his poetry collections, and six of his poetry chapbooks have been published by small, independent publishers.

His novels Wolf’sRite and Cathedral of Dreams won ForeWord Reviews Book of the Year Finalist Awards, his historical novel, Sweet Song won a Silver IPPY Award, his fantasy novel Doublesight won a POW Best Unpublished Manuscript Award (it is now published). His latest science fiction space opera is Hear No Evil, which was a finalist for the International Book Awards (in science fiction), and novel Ten Months in Wonderland was also a finalist for the International Book Awards (in historical fiction). His poems and short stories have been published widely in both independent and university journals including Kansas Quarterly, Wisconsin Review, Hiram Poetry Review, and many others.

The Interview -- Part IV

Scroll Down for Parts I-III
Nicole, you recently finished a nonfiction book about Terry. That must have been a fascinating experience for the two of you. Nicole, what led you to writing that book?
NICOLE: I’ve always been fascinated with the relationship a fiction writer has to his or her characters. Writers use personal experiences all the time in order to bring life to their characters, but I wondered what parts of our lives we use unintentionally. How are the common themes in our books related to our lives? What is the connection? Of course, the obvious answer is: it depends on the writer. But still I wanted to explore this idea with more depth.
TERRY: I remember when Nicole came to me with this idea, and at first I wasn’t sure how to respond. It was flattering, but would also open up things that I might not want to talk about. Then, I reminded myself how important it is to be honest with ourselves and our kids, and agreed. We’ve always had an open relationship, so I just wanted to reiterate that whatever she asked I’d answer her as honestly as I could. And, whatever she took from the conversation, like always, was her own. It opened us to some very deep and rewarding conversations. 
NICOLE: I didn’t want to look at myself because I didn’t think I had the body of work necessary for such a large scoped question. I also wasn’t interested in the self-reflection that would require, especially because I feared I wouldn’t have enough distance from the work to think logically. So, I looked outward.
TERRY: I am ultimately glad she did this. It was an opportunity for me to see what others might see in my work, and to revisit my own life to possibly uncover some of my deeper life concerns.
NICOLE: In short, I figured Dad would be a good writer to focus on for a number of reasons: 1) he’s prolific and therefore had a large enough body of work for me to look for parallels in, 2) he was readily available to me for interviews, 3) as my father, I already knew a lot of information, which allowed me to delve deeper at a faster pace than, say, with an author I’d never met, 4) it gave me an excuse to read more of his work, something I’d been wanting to do for a while and never had the time.
TERRY: Yes, how cool it was to have Nicole read so many of my novels in such a short amount of time. I know, because of the writer and reader and thinker she was, that she’d bring more to the work than I could have done. Especially since she was reading them one after another—and since I write in multiple genres, I was eager to see if there were parallels in theme or story. I was poised to learn more about my own work, which is great.
NICOLE: Starting the project was the kicker. I’d never written a work of nonfiction to this scale before—let alone one that was a blend of literary criticism, biography, interview, writing-how-to, and childhood memoir (memoir because how could I not have my own experiences coming into play? He is my dad, after all). I struggled a lot at the beginning, especially with trying to figure out a smooth structure for the thing. So, for a while I somewhat blindly conducted interviews and read as many of Dad’s books as I could—which wasn’t easy, as he’s had a pretty crazy life and has written a lot of books. Once I did figure out how to structure the book, things moved pretty smoothly from there: writing the narrative itself, conducting more directed interviews, re-reading key bits and pieces of Dad’s work, etc.
TERRY: I was not disappointed in what Nicole was able to do. The way she pieced all of it together was just short of genius. And I say that as a writer, not as a father, something she and I have had in common from the beginning—we can be very objective. As with her other writing, I did nothing in way of helping her decide on a structure. Here instructors from college helped, but I didn’t. It was her project and I stood back and watched.
NICOLE: It’s funny, a lot of people expect that there would be lots of surprises to me, but there really wasn’t. Dad and I talk about everything and have a very honest relationship with each other, so most of the information wasn’t new—just new details and a better sense of chronology. I’d say the biggest surprise—and the most important part of this whole process I put us through—happened while I was interviewing Grammy, my dad’s mom. Dad never had a great relationship with his father, but something Grammy said I think really changed how Dad now views him, which was pretty cool.
TERRY: Yes, two things happened during this process: my understanding of my relationship with my dad did change, and my relationship with my mom changed. What’s more important to me, though, is that Nicole had a chance to talk with my mom on a deeper, more personal level. Mom died soon after Nicole interviewed her, and for lack of a better way of saying it, I think that interview and our subsequent conversations changed all our lives. What more could anyone ask?   
What are you working on now?
NICOLE: I’m currently working on a literary novel. It’s already putting me way outside my comfort zone—the new genre and nonlinear story structure are re-inventing my whole writing process—but I’m really excited about it! I’d say more, but you’ll just have to read it. J

TERRY: You’ve probably figured out by now that I’ve usually got several projects going at once. Technical articles are a regular for sure. That’s how I make the bulk of my income at the moment. But I’m also working on a short story, a few poems (or more than a few, I keep them around when I’m wanting to work on something short), and writing a new novel. I just finished one a month ago, and wrote a few short stories in between.

I guess I can be a bit more explicit here concerning what these pieces are about, or what genre they’re in. So, the short stories (three of them) are all science fiction in nature. Two of them are about characters that appear in my novel Hear No Evil. I enjoyed those characters and wanted to explore them more. Short stories provides a way to get to know them better through more back story.

The poems I’m presently working on are all over the place. I allow my creativity to be a bit more scattered when it comes to poems. I believe this allows my creativity to stay open and fresh when I turn to something else to write. I can say that I’ve written a few more poems in my sentences format, as well as some free verse. And I’ve made adjustments to poems I’ve written over the past few months.

Lastly, I’m working on a new novel at the moment. I’m about eight- or ten-thousand words into it so far. It’s a sequel to TheNSA Files. My shaman detective/agent and his son have gotten themselves into another caper, you might say. I love writing, so every time I start a new book, I’m excited to see what happens. That’s what keeps me going.

Final words of wisdom.

NICOLE: Wisdom? Oh, jeez. Talking to a new writer, I always say this: Write every day, read every day. That’s how you become an expert. As far as anything else goes, I’ll say what I like to live by, and it’s really quite simple: do what makes you happy. Every. Single. Day.

TERRY: My Final Words of Wisdom
I don’t think of myself as wise, by any means, but I do have opinions. They are all my own, no matter if someone else has said them sometime in the past or not. My grandmother always said to listen to everyone’s opinion and then make up your own mind. I live by that rule.

The first thing I might say to a new writer is: only do it if you love it. Lets face it, money, fame, girls, or anything else won’t last if you hate what you’re doing. Also, odds are that if you don’t like what you’re doing, you won’t do it well. There was a line from a movie recently that I remember (although, I don’t remember the movie), and it went like this: “Learn to distinguish between your skills and your interests.” I’m not saying to quit writing if you don’t have the skills, you can always learn the skills. But if you are “only” interested and not passionate about writing, why write? A novel takes a lot of time and energy to write the first time, then to edit or revise it. And if a large publisher wants it, they can edit the shit out of it, take two more years to do it, and you still don’t know if it’s going to sell or not. You better love doing the job in the first place.

Another thing I tell writers is to write what you want to write. I know, I know, everyone and their uncle says this. But it’s true. If you’re writing things you don’t want to write, even if you make a living at it, you’ll not be happy. You’ll pay the bills, feed your family, maybe even buy a vacation home, but you won’t be happy. I want you to be happy. So, write what turns you on.

I don’t know if I have any more wisdom than this, so I’m going to call it a day.

The Interviews -- Part III

Scroll down for Parts I & II

What are the pros and cons of working in multiple genres?
TERRY: I’ll start with the bad news, the cons. I’ve been told by agents, editors, and other writers and friends that having too broad a collection of work means that it’s difficult to gain an audience. Some publishers are shy about someone who works in several genres (by the way, some people will read genre as the differences between nonfiction, fiction, short story, and poetry; while others will read genre as differences between science fiction, fantasy, romance, western, etc.). I’m talking about both, here, because I write in poetry, fiction, and nonfiction, as well as shift fiction genres. I suppose I shift nonfiction genres, too, in that I have written nonfiction books about spirituality as well as guidebooks for working with small presses and, of course, there are the technical articles I write, too. Oh, and can I suspect that by writing in traditional and non-traditional verse that my poetry crosses genres, too? Personally, I think it all gets ridiculous, to tell the truth. After all, I can enjoy a super hero movie, a romance movie, and a serious documentary, and no one every bats and eye. How about my food intake: vegetables, fruits, meats, dairy. In fact, in college I have to take a variety of subjects, so why can’t I write in them.

Okay, I’m done ranting.

NICOLE: I agree with everything above, and I think Dad touches on a very important point: it’s not realistic for writers to be expected to stay in one fiction genre. When it comes to books, I’d argue that most people have a fairly eclectic taste. I enjoy literary just as much as I enjoy fantasy novels—not to say that I don’t have genres I dislike, just that I don’t hold fast to one or another. Writers are expected to stick in a fiction genre for the sake of consistency and clarity for our readers, however I think the book business underestimates a reader’s loyalty to their favorite authors. Personally, if I really like an author, I’ll read whatever they put out, regardless of the genre. I realize the risk in losing some readership by putting out books in another genre, but you also run a good chance of gaining new readers by doing so.

I’d like to make a point about the other definition of genre Dad mentioned—what I like to call form: novel, novella, short story, essay, flash fiction, poetry in both fiction and nonfictional contexts. I have encountered agents, editors, and publishers who are interested in authors crossing this kind of genre—crossing form—in certain cases. This is due to exposure. I’ll give you an example: say you’re a science fiction novelist, but you also write a lot of science fiction short stories. This can be great marketing exposure—the more short stories you get published in magazines, the better the chance a reader will find your novels. I realize this can be complicated by, say, a scifi novelist with short stories in romance, but, as I mentioned in the previous paragraph, if a reader likes your work, they’ll at least check out your other stuff.

TERRY: Basically, the cons are all about marketing and sales and building an audience for a particular type of book. If you like my fantasy, you may not like my romance, and visa versa. Let’s face it though, if you like my first fantasy, you may not like my second one. I think we all forget that we don’t just pump out one bestseller after another—most of us don’t anyway. Finally, though, I’d like to bring to your attention Joyce Carol Oats, Ray Bradbury, Wayne Dyer, and there are hundreds more who have crossed genres and done quite well for themselves. Which leads us to the pros.

My technical writing has helped me learn how to be clear. When writing hard science fiction, it’s best if my reader understands the technology I’m talking about. There may be slight mysteries, but my writing has to be very clear in order for it to be believed. Poetry teaches me how to use simile and metaphor in a way that I wouldn’t normally do with general fiction. I learn how important sentence structure and line endings can be. So when I’m writing anything else, I understand that the way a sentence or paragraph ends may be important to my story. And the brevity of poetry, how it uses strong images to create specific emotion or wonder—it all comes in handy. Even nonfiction helps to deliver a story in a linear manner, helps me understand how to coax people to try something new. Every thing I write helps with the other things I write.

NICOLE: Seconded. Poetry, too, helps with the balance of concrete image and abstract emotion. This has done wonders for my fiction writing when it comes to portraying a character’s emotional state in a way that feels graspable to the reader. Nonfiction—especially personal essays—are great for tapping into your own feelings and articulating them, something that can be helpful when you’re stuck on a character’s feelings and need to use some personal experience to stoke the realism.

TERRY: Moving to the other definition of genre, my romance stories and novels help me understand the nuances of romance for when I need to add that to a non-romance novel. For example, in my series that includes (so far) Revision 7: DNA and Backyard Aliens, the main characters are man and wife. Writing romance helps me better understand their relationship, helps me better write about their relationship. Knowing the difference between fantasy and science fiction alerts me to when I’ve gone too far with one or the other. Thrillers and crime fiction help with puzzle creation and solution, with tension and conflict. And literary or mainstream novels teach me about life and people so that my characters become real on the page.

NICOLE: Literary, I think, is also an exercise in language—by this I mean word choice, syntax, etc—and how it can be used intentionally to move story or shape character. Poetry touches on this, but practicing literary writing helps you apply these poetic devices to more conventional stories. I think literary also encourages exploration into less-conventional points of view, tenses, and so on, stretching your writing abilities even further. This is a nuance that can be helpful no matter what you’re writing.

TERRY: I think I’ve gone on long enough. Most people can see what I’m talking about. Each type of writing feeds all the others, just like life feeds my writing, and love feeds my writing. I think that touches on the most important thing about writing in multiple genres. Passion. I write what I feel passionate about at the time. I love writing, and many subjects get me to thinking and wanting to explore a subject, a character, a setting. My novel Ten Months in Wonderland is about the setting as much as the characters. Without the unusual setting, I would have no novel, the storyline would be ridiculous. These explorations are what’s important to me, this passion, this love of writing. May it be the same for everyone.

NICOLE: Another good point Dad touches on: who are you writing for? Everyone knows it’s hard to make a living writing, which means that to be a long-time writer, you have to really love it. Dad writes for himself. I write for myself. Which means, frankly, that I can do whatever I damn well please when it comes to exploring genres of all kinds. Yes, I keep in mind the cons when sending work out—because, even though I write for me, I still would like my work to be read, would like my passion to financially sustain itself—but I don’t allow the cons to limit my work. Because if I want to write a romantic literary space opera in verse, I will.

                                       Check back Oct 15 for Part IV!

The Interview -- Part II

Scroll down to read Part I

It must be a thrill to have your daughter follow in your footsteps, but as an author yourself, you know how hard this business can be. What role have you played in Nicole's writing, both artistically and career-wise?
TERRY: My Role in Nicole’s Writing Career
So, I’m going to repeat the question here: It must be a thrill to have your daughter follow in your footsteps, but as an author yourself, you know how hard this business can be. What role have you played in Nicole's writing, both artistically and career-wise?

First of all, it is wonderful to have Nicole as a fellow writer, one who has the same passions toward writing well that I have. This has been an amazing relationship that has grown into a friendship, and who wouldn’t want to be friends with their own kids?

NICOLE: I’m a lucky kid to have parents I can be friends with J.

Yes, I know how hard the business is, but that’s the business. Writing is about more than that. We’re not plumbers or engineers. We can’t just get a degree, put it on a resume, and get a job. There are no novel writing factories out there as much as we might think there are. So, it’s the art, the passion, the love of words, stories, and writing that is the basis of this career. I’m going to call it a career because that’s how committed a writer has to be to sustain the lack of income (which is what I suppose you considered the business in your original statement).

NICOLE: One thing Dad taught me about life is to do what makes you happy no matter what. He’s been a great example of that, too, as he practices this advice daily. I saw it firsthand since before I knew what being a writer even was. When it came to the question of diving into a business that has a reputation for providing little income, it wasn’t a question at all. Do what you love. Period.

TERRY: My role in Nicole’s development from the beginning has been rather minimum for the most part. When she first came to me asking if I had any books on writing, I led her to Orson Scott Card’s How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy—because she wanted to write fantasy. She read the book. And she wrote, getting up, like me, early in the morning and writing before school started. Eventually she came and asked if I’d read some of her novel.

I said no.

I told her that no matter what I said or didn’t say while reading any part of what she’d written, she would interpret it her own way and perhaps change her story or her style or something to suit whatever it was that she thought I meant. A smile, a cock of the head, or no expression at all could send her in another direction with her writing and her work. No, she had to find her own way. It had to be her writing, not mine. And the only way she could do that was to be left alone. I suggested that she show no one. None of her friends, not me, not her mom. I suggested that she just write and finish the novel on her own. That way it was her story, her style. I even told her not to tell anyone about the storyline. Keep it all inside for the writing, I told her. Again, she didn’t need to interpret a response and change her work.

She listened. That is the most wonderful thing about Nicole. She actually listens to you and then decides if it makes sense for her or not. This time, it must have made sense.

NICOLE: I must add here that Dad also encouraged me by mentioning that telling people could sometimes throw water on your creative fire, your need to get the story out. “Focus on getting it on the page, then show others.” He said that finishing the book was the most important part of the whole process. “Once you finish one book, you know you can write another.” This was fundamental in keeping me going. He would talk to me all I wanted about process and craft, but when it came to my specific story, he wanted me to write it. So that’s what I did. His encouragement meant a lot at the beginning—still does. 

TERRY: After she finished her novel, she brought it to me for editing suggestions. I emphasized the word suggestions and let her know that anything I said was simply my opinion and that I wasn’t right for her work. The only right and wrong was grammar and punctuation—and even that is debatable most of the time.

NICOLE: He also gave me his book to edit, a little before mine. I was so nervous to give my opinion—I was still learning and very green, after all—but seeing one of his books all printed out in manuscript form reminded me of my own work. I wanted one of those. I wanted to print it out and hole-punch it and let Dad mark it up with a red pen just as he had let me do with his book.

TERRY: The next thing I did was to take her to the Pacific Northwest Writers Conference. She wanted to go, since she knew that I went every year. It must have sounded like fun to her because I always came back excited and alive. I know conferences are like when you’re not passionate about the subject matter and told my wife that I was going to take Nicole to see how she faired.

Nicole wrote a proposal for her school before the end of the year, asking for extra credit for her participation in classes at the conference. I had her select a class for every hour they were available. I told her that if she were going to get extra credit and was going to be at the conference to learn from other writers, that she’d have to stay busy. She probably wouldn’t see much of me unless we took the same class or met in the hallways. Now, I know how boring some speakers can be, and I also was aware that Nicole had selected some of the less lively speakers. So, I figured she’d get tired and be ready for home after about day one.

That didn’t happen at all. She loved learning even from the most monotone speakers, even the most complex subject. And that’s when I knew she was a writer through and through.

NICOLE: Fun story: one of the first classes was taught by Wayne Ude, the director of the Northwest Institute of Literary Arts, a small but incredible MFA. He has a soft voice that normal fifteen-year-olds might fall asleep to—especially when lecturing on sub-plots in Pride and Prejudice. As Dad mentioned, I loved it. In fact, meeting Wayne after class was a defining moment for me; it’s the closest thing I can pinpoint to my realization that I really was a writer. Fast forward to present day: I just started in Wayne’s MFA program and am loving it! And he’s just as inspiring as he was back when I was fifteen.

TERRY: After that conference, we talked a lot about writing and writers and the business of writing. That’s where career information came into play, and that is the place where I felt I could teach her what I had learned over the years, including all the new changes going on in publishing. After all, I knew the small press world well—and had written a book about it, the Guidebook for Working With Small Independent Publishers.

I’ve mentioned my road to publication in an earlier post. So, when I started working with Booktrope, I talked with the publisher and marketing director about Nicole—who is an excellent writer regardless of my bias, and as proven by her recent Gold Award from the IndieFab Awards presented by ForeWord Reviews magazine. They felt that she might be perfect for their press, and that they could possibly market us together as father and daughter, which they’ve done on numerous occasions.

Nicole still had to go through all the standard processes involved in publishing. Editors had to sign on board, a cover designer had to join the team, and a marketing manager had to take it on. All of these aspects were great, and I knew would help Nicole discover all the parts of publishing through her own experience for that first book: The Kingdom’s Possession. Well, after the first novel was published and made the Amazon bestseller list, the second book, Dead of Knight (the IndieFab Gold Award Winner), was warmly accepted for publication.

My introduction might have been important at the beginning, but writing and publishing has come to Nicole all on her own.

Check back Oct 1 for Part III

The Interview -- Part I

Describe Your Writing Process…
TERRY: My process has changed slightly over time, and also changes depending on what I’m writing. Even though I typically work on novels and short stories in the morning and poetry in the evening, I may switch it up if the spirit moves me. I do have a general process though, one I’ve had for over 30 years. I write first thing in the morning.

For novel length projects specifically, I get up anywhere from 4:30 to about 6:00 in the morning, have a cup of coffee, and often head to my office to write. I write for the first—fresh—few hours of the day. I used to do this 365 days a year, but these days I skip a day once in a while. I don’t like to skip a day, but I don’t worry about it if I do.

It used to be that I’d write longhand, editing lightly the work done on the previous day, then moving on to fresh work. Now I write directly on the computer, and reread several days worth of work, touching things up as I go along, before adding new work to the novel. I’ve gotten to be a better editor and a better writer by doing it this way.

While I used to write longhand, then type, then edit or revise, and then edit or revise again and again until I felt the work was the best I could write, now I’ve seen each page dozens of times as I move through the novel. This helps me keep the storyline in mind, but also allows me the ability to have a cleaner final copy. I do edit and revise after finishing the novel, but not so deeply as I once did. I’ve hammered through the work plenty by the time that last day of writing occurs.

Poetry is a bit different for me. Since I might write a poem or two one evening and not reread them for a month. I still write poems longhand first. When I finally choose to go through my notebook and type poems up, I make additional changes. Poems may stick around for several months, getting poked at and prodded until I sense that it’s ready to be mailed out.

Writing even 1000 words a day produces a tremendous number of words in a year’s time—365,000 to be exact. That’s a lot of raw material to work with, or in my case these days, it can be several novels a year.

NICOLE: If you’re interested in how I go about writing day to day, it goes something like this: wake up early, snooze the alarm five or six times, roll out of bed, use the bathroom, drag my half-asleep self and still-warm comforter into my desk chair, open my computer, squint at the brightness of the screen, open my latest word document, re-read the previous day’s work, edit it lightly or delete half of it (depending), and continue the story…

If you’re interested in how I write—as in, how my brain works—it’s a little more complicated. I typically start a story with an idea, but even that general statement would be somewhat of a lie, since I’ve started stories from all kinds of things. Dead of Knight, my latest novel, for instance, came from a lyric in a song and me daringly declaring: “I could write a book about that.” My latest story yearning to be written first came to me as the simple image of apple blossoms falling and a sort of melancholy calm-before-the-storm feeling paired with it. So, who’s to say?

Regardless, whatever story seems most prominent in my mind is what I tend to write next (and by “next” I mean after whatever I’m currently working on, because I’m always working on something). In the business, there are known “outliners” who outline all their work, and “pantsers” who write by the seat of their pants. I’m absolutely a pantser. I typically know how a book starts, what happens during the climax, who my characters are, and a few glimmers of in-between scenes not yet placed. Then I simply sit down and go. It’s funny—I’m an extremely organized person, yet outlining feels too constricted for me. I like my stories to be as organic and character-run as possible, which means I can’t really map out my stories by plot points, I need to just see where they go on their own.

This doesn’t mean that I’m not weirdly organized, though. I buy a corkboard and a stack of 3x5 cards every time I start a new book. At the top of the board, I pin up the new novel’s working title. I also pin up a map of the setting. Then I start the book, and as I go, I take notes: things to fix in draft #2, character details I need to keep straight, where so-and-so is headed next, etc. to help me keep track of things. I’m sort of an as-I-go outliner, where I don’t map everything out at once, but rather a few chapters ahead of my actual writing. If that makes any sense.

(Totally, love the corkboard idea, I think I’ll steal that. I use cards, but they are taped to the wall… (Elena’s note))

After that, I make my sole task to finish the damn thing. First drafts are always ugly, whether they take you no time at all or years of careful writing. I save the editing for draft two, three, four, five…and leave draft one for just getting it all down.

Describe your road to publication…
NICOLE: I received my first publication contract when I was sixteen, for my young adult fantasy novel A Kingdom’s Possession. It took me two years to write, and another one and a half to tear it apart, re-write it, edit it, and have my father edit it. A lot of people assume that, because my father is a writer, I had some leverage over the book business, and that’s why I got published so early. Not the case, for this reason: it’s a business. If the characters aren’t strong, if the plot is saggy in the middle, if the prose is inconsistent and unedited, it won’t sell. And if the book is poorly put together and unsellable, no publisher or agent will want it.

Even so, my father isn’t the kind of person who would try to pull strings to get my books out there, anyway. However, he is the kind of person to open doors. And that’s what really helped my career. In short, after receiving lots and lots of rejections from agents—all saying the same thing: my novel wasn’t “mainstream” enough to sell to a big publisher—Dad suggested I try some smaller publishers. He’d only recently heard about Booktrope when he suggested I send them my manuscript. I didn’t hear back for a while, and then suddenly I did. They were interested. I signed my contract a few weeks before graduating high school. 

It was a weird road to publication, for sure. I had an advantage, because I had a mentor who could point me in the right direction when I felt lost. But the rest was up to me, just like any other writer. You write stuff, send it out, get rejected, and repeat the process until you strike gold.

TERRY: The Long and Hard Road to Publication
This could take some time, so I’ll try to be short: Poetry—years and years of reading poetry (at least 15 years) before starting to write my first poem. Then years of writing and study (at college and through books), before starting the road to rejection. Since I’ve always been fairly prolific, rejections came often—daily, in fact. It wasn’t until somewhere in 1978 that my first poem was accepted in some very small, saddle stitched, little known magazine—and I was euphoric. A few more years of hard work and continual mailings and I was getting published by what were assumed to be better magazines, like Kansas Quarterly, Widener Review, Wisconsin Review, Yarrow, as well as many other university and independent journals.

Short story publication came around the same time as poetry publication. I was attending writing classes (poetry and fiction) at the University of Delaware, and writing a lot. Since I’d already learned about submitting my work, I wasn’t the least bit embarrassed to send my latest pieces out to small magazines. My first story showed up in Oracle, then a few stories in Starsong magazine, Late knocking, and others. I never even submitted to the bigger, better known magazines like Analog or Fantasy and Science Fiction—many of these early stories were science fiction and fantasy in nature. I also write mainstream and/or literary stories, which appeared in university and small press magazines, but I had my eye on writing novels, and soon started one or two (I actually write a few short stories and began my first novel while in fifth and sixth grade, but I’m starting later with this post, at a time I became more serious). Anyhow, I had a few unfinished novels lying around before I read an article in The Writer magazine about writing 1000 words a day and in 60 days you’d have a 60,000 word first draft—that I could do! Well, not exactly. But I could write around 500 words a day, so in six months I finished my first full length (80,000 word) novel—never to be published—but now I knew I could. And that’s where my writing schedule began.

My first novel (after many, many rejections for it and several other novels I’d written) was published ten years after I wrote it—through a small, independent press. Implosion Press.

Let me back track just enough to say that a New York agent called me at my home about that book. She told me how much she enjoyed it, and how well I wrote, but explained how the storyline was not a mass market idea, and that agencies, like hers, had to consider the market. She suggested I work with small presses until I either earned an audience for my books or wrote a more commercial novel. And that’s why I searched, mailed out to, and found a small publisher for my first novel.


When that novel didn’t sell well, I started to study the publishing business on a much deeper and more broad level, encompassing everything I could imagine. I knew the poetry and short story markets and had published widely at that time, including having several poetry chapbooks out. Now, I needed to better understand how novels got into the world. The small press that published my first novel, The Witness Tree, had no distribution network besides her own mailing list.

Onto the next novel. I wrote several more novels, actually. When it came to submitting my work, I tried everything. I went to trade shows (an excellent choice), contacted small presses, send manuscripts to college presses, and kept manuscripts moving around. When my novel, Wolf’s Rite, was selected to be published by Syracuse University Press, I was ecstatic. Riding high on the news, I went to BookExpo America, happy to tell people about what had happened, and to pitch yet another novel. When I returned home, though, I got a call that the press had hired a new director and that my editor (the one who accepted my work) was let go and that my book would no longer be published by them. A big blow, for sure, but I got back to mailing and a year or so later found another publisher, Russell Dean and Company, who put out a beautiful book. They were only in business another few years, and the book was no longer available except through copies I bought directly from the press.

But my woes weren’t over yet. My next novel got accepted by a small publisher, who then went bankrupt and let all their authors and books go. I also found a second publisher for that book, Giver of Gifts, which stayed in business for about three years. There was also a scam I got caught up in during that time. So, beware of who you trust.

My fourth novel, The Resurrection of Billy Maynard, was published by a reputable, and long established press. Even though I asked for my rights back after a few years of poor sales, that press is, at least, still publishing.

During this time, I also published two collections of poems, Barn Tarot and Every Leaf, with very strong publishers at the time. Both of those publishers have folded since that time, but more because of workload than a lack of sales. Nonetheless, I’ve got my rights back and have self-published those books so that they’re still available to my readers.


With the changes in publishing—ebooks, print on demand, thousands of small presses starting up—getting published is a lot easier, and safer in many ways. My latest publisher offered me a deal for my historical fiction, Sweet Song, but we negotiated for them to handle all my out of print books as well. It was a wonderful opportunity, and they wanted to redo the covers, lay the books out using their own designs, and incorporate any editing I wanted to do. Perfect. This was the type of publisher I could work with. And Booktrope has proven to be worth the time, as well. They are flexible. They care about the author. And they put you with a team. Of all the traditional publishing avenues available, their business model or sharing in royalties tends to work well. Everyone is invested.

Only recently have I begun to play with the indie author market by self-publishing several of my more literary or more out-there books. It helps me understand marketing better when I have direct contact with those books and what type of marketing shows spikes in sales. The combination of working with a small press and being an indie author is working for me at the moment. I’d like to get the chance to work with a larger, New York publisher someday, just to see the differences, but that day hasn’t come yet.

Check Back Sept 15 for Part II